Treatment of nail fungus

Nail fungus on the thumb manifests itself in the thickening of an unpleasant appearance. According to statistics, more than a quarter of the entire population is affected by onychomycosis.

It is difficult and time consuming to treat the disease, there will be relapses after the course.

toenail fungus

Why mushrooms appear

All the factors that cause fungal infections of the thumb are due to the penetration of pathogenic spores of the fungus into the skin.

You can become infected when you come in contact with infected objects, for example, by using other people's belongings - shoes, towels.

The risk group for onychomycosis of the big toes includes people who suffer from flat feet, excessive sweating at home, untidy, untidy.

Causes of fungal infections:

  1. The use of tight, uncomfortable shoes promotes the growth of pathogenic flora and the growth of bacteria as sweating increases. The largest toe is most attacked. Spores of fungi multiply, fall on socks and other things and spread on the ground. Infecting others.
  2. Made of low-quality artificial materials, tight, breathable shoes "suffocate" the feet and help bacteria to multiply.
  3. Ignoring the rules of hygiene in public places. Wear shoes when visiting saunas, swimming pools and showers - it will protect you from foreign bacteria.
  4. Never wear someone else's socks, tights, or shoes, or borrow your own shoes. If you are trying to wear shoes, make sure you have your own socks to try.
  5. Fungal infections are caused by immune problems. Weakened immunity makes it difficult to fight viruses and fungi. Fungi are difficult to treat in people with diabetes, psoriasis, varicose veins, obesity, and HIV.
  6. Ignoring basic rules such as washing your feet with soap every day, changing socks, and treating your nails can all contribute to fungal infections.
  7. Improper treatment and care of corns, cracks and corns can lead to the proliferation of fungal spores on the thumb.

Symptoms and signs of pathology

Fungal disease occurs as a result of infection with fungal spores. The infection will not be fatal, but can spread from nail to toe and toes.

The disease is almost invisible at first, when a yellow color appears on the nails, suspicion arises, and then turns brown with seals and delaminations. Compressed, worn nails are a serious concern when wearing shoes.

Medical onychomycosis is divided into 3 levels:

  1. The beginning - the nail plate is covered with yellow spots and streaks, during which time the feet are not yet affected.
  2. The second stage - the brightness disappears, the color turns brown, there is an unpleasant odor on the feet.
  3. Advanced level - the nail peels off the skin, loosens and breaks. There are pains. This stage is dangerous, the spores collapse, spread to the surrounding space.

Be careful with symptoms such as peeling of the skin on the toes, periodic appearance of blisters, redness, cracks, and take preventive measures to prevent mycosis.

Features of the treatment of the disease

A fungal infection of the foot begins with the toenail. Fungal spores are comfortable on the top layer of the nail plate, from where the path to the matrix begins.

Since the thumb nail is first affected, treatment begins here. The method of action of drugs has local-external and systemic effects. The approach should be individualized, taking into account the pathological symptoms and the condition of the patient's internal organs.

The approach to treatment is complex. Disinfectants, bacterial antifungal agents, pulse therapy are used.

Pulse therapy involves a long-term exposure regimen with periodic changes in treatment modalities. This table contains oral medications for one week, repeated after 3 weeks.

Agents are used every day to suppress the growth of pathogenic microflora.

The use of a systematic approach allows you to increase the chances of complete recovery from the disease. Complex therapy includes taking vitamins and immunostimulating drugs.

The use of drugs is based on the principle of accumulation. The drugs are concentrated and provide long-term protection against the disease.

Ointments to get rid of

Preparations for external use are a variety of ointments and more choices - varnishes and lotions.

The mechanism of action of ointments is based on the destruction of the cell membrane of fungal spores. The course of treatment is long and lasts until the final recovery. Dead layers are cleaned with a file.

Iodinol is used as a lubricant. As a result, if the sock of an infected person's shoe is oiled from the inside, a cotton swab soaked in the drug is applied to the nail.

Tar and sulfur ointments have proven to be very effective as antifungal drugs.

All ointments give good results when used. However, treatment should be prescribed by a specialist. Different ointments purposefully affect the fungi of a different nature. Only a doctor can choose the most effective tool after conducting research in the laboratory.

We are saved at home with the help of folk remedies

Traditional medicine offers many recipes to get rid of fungal diseases. Treatment of onychomycosis of the thumb at home is carried out by the following methods.

With the use of iodine

Onychomycosis is successfully treated with iodine baths. Water is poured into the basin at a temperature of about 40-45 degrees, iodine alcohol is poured drop by drop.

You need 3 drops of iodine for 1 liter of water - you can calculate the correct amount depending on the volume of the container.

Put your feet in the water and keep until the water cools. Peroxide-treated scissors cut the affected part of the nail plate. After the procedure, the nail and the skin around it are treated with peroxide. If an antibacterial dressing is applied with the ointment, the effect will be enhanced.

Effective use of ordinary vinegar

At room temperature, water is diluted 2 to 1 with 9% vinegar. Bath time is 15 minutes. Then the damaged nail should be scraped or cut. The duration of manipulations is at least 2 weeks.

Lemon and potatoes help

  1. Fresh lemons should be washed with boiling water - so there will be more juice. Cut slices and apply to damaged nail. Citrus is fixed with a plaster. Applying the compress every night and keeping it all night will be a good result.
  2. Peel the potatoes. The component is boiled, water is poured into a bowl and crushed until puree. The legs are soaked in broth, then the softened growths are cut off. After cleaning, the gruel is applied for half an hour and washed.

Medicinal plants in the fight

  1. Celandine. The fresh water of this amazing plant can cure almost all types of fungal diseases. For 2 weeks, apply a fresh plant (kneaded leaves and stems) to the affected nail plates and skin. If possible, change the compress every 2-3 hours.
  2. Aspen bark. Nail baths are made on the basis of 200 g of ingredient per liter of water. The manipulation is performed for 15 minutes in water that the foot can tolerate. After the bath, apply a mixture of mild laundry soap and soda on the nails. The proportion is 1: 1. After 30 minutes, wash everything with warm water. After such a procedure, the nail will begin to renew itself.

As an additional prophylaxis, baths with sea salt are used.

The nail comes out of the thumb

Fungal nail disease is characterized by external manifestations such as erosion of the nail plate from the skin. The rest of the nail darkens or turns blue.

This is because the air layer accumulates in the space under the nail and becomes larger over time.

The more the process progresses, the more pain a person feels. The nail rises up, pustules and bleeding appear.

Separation therapy is used:

  • Use of topical treatment - ointments, in combination with drugs in tablet form, external and internal use will give the best results;
  • You can use laser treatments, such procedures are performed in beauty salons;
  • You should contact your surgeon immediately after complete separation.

To treat the nail, if the finger is left with or without fungus, you should drink gelatin solutions, follow the requirements of hygiene and do not pedicure.

Effective fungal treatment

Recommended medications for these lesions:

  1. Local remedies. General medicines can be bought without a prescription. However, you must use the instructions provided in the instructions. Otherwise, there will be no effect.
  2. Systemic means of influence. These are tablets and pills prescribed by a dermatologist along with ointments.
  3. Laser treatment is quite effective. The treatment does not cause pain. The procedure does not harm the patient's body. There is no recurrence after laser cleaning.
  4. Apparatus pedicure procedure is less popular than laser therapy, but its effect is wonderful. More often this method is used in advanced cases.
  5. Surgical manipulations are not yet popular enough, but their effect is quite strong. The disadvantages of this manipulation are pain and a long rehabilitation period.

Which tool is better

Medical varnishes and serums are known as effective and efficient drugs in antifungal therapy.

The cost of such drugs is higher than conventional ointments, but the effectiveness of drugs is high.

Mycosis has developed in the arm

Fungal infections of the fingernails are less common. The most common infection is candidiasis fungi. Nails are also affected by filamentous fungi.

You can even become infected by shaking hands, using other people's infected gloves, or even yourself. By receiving spores from other parts of the body.

Treatment of fungal infections of the hands depends on the type of fungus, the age of the infected person and the stage of the disease.

First of all, it is necessary to get rid of the causes of the disease, strengthen the immune system, get rid of bad habits.

It is not necessary to treat with antibiotics during this period. The patient should change the diet - remove from the food used those that help the growth of fungi, these are sweets and high-carbohydrate foods.

The doctor prescribes the study and prescribes medication and course of treatment depending on the type of fungus. More often it is combination therapy.

If the patient has an acute inflammatory process, then local treatment should be avoided. Aggravation must be eliminated.

It is necessary for the patient to eliminate the interaction with the means and household items that cause the development of the disease. Acute inflammation can be treated with time-tested drugs such as bright green, fucortsin, potassium iodide.

It is convenient to use nail polishes for treatment. With a fungal infection of the nails on the hands, the spores quickly spread through the skin and fall into the folds between the fingers.

If folk remedies are used during treatment, antifungal drugs will increase the effect. However, they should be used only after consulting a doctor.

For those who do not want to get this unpleasant infection or want to get rid of it forever, the most important and reliable advice is to strictly follow the hygiene requirements and take preventive measures to prevent the disease.

The result can be achieved if you follow the rules of personal prevention - do not expose yourself to fungal spores - be it a personal comb, personal shoes, never use other people's belongings.

If such a disorder has already occurred, then it is not necessary to allow its spread, but to begin treatment in the early stages. If you experience any symptoms similar to a fungal infection, you should see a doctor immediately.